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What is forex trading?

What is forex trading?

Quite simply, forex trading is the act of buying and selling currencies. This is the world’s largest financial market with a daily turnover of $5 trillion and it involves many people – and many currencies. Because you are always buying one currency using another currency, you trade ‘currency pairs’.

Want a visual explanation?

Take a look at this short video:

How can you take advantage of exchange rate changes?

Exchange rates change all the time, and forex traders attempt to take advantage of these changes. Here’s a quick example:

Let’s say you travel abroad and you go to an exchange and use $500 to buy euros. After a week, you come back (without spending a single euro) and exchange your euros back to dollars – but you receive $505, because during the week, the exchange rate changed. This is a profit of 5 dollars, which you made by trading currencies.

Of course, nowadays you don’t need to leave the house to invest in the price of currencies – and you don’t even need to actually buy the currencies. Thanks to online forex trading anyone can invest in the price of different currencies from home - or even from their smartphone - and take advantage of changes in price.

Which currencies can you trade?

There are many types of currencies that you can invest in with iFOREX – in fact, there are over 80 pairs to choose from. Let’s take a close look at some of your options.

  • Majors
  • Cross pairs
  • Exotics
  • The most traded currency pairs are called ‘majors’ and they compose about 85% of the entire foreign exchange market. Note that they all include the USD. These major pairs are:
  • Cross pairs (AKA ‘Crosses’) Currency pairs that do not include the US Dollar are commonly known as ‘cross currency pairs’. A few examples will be
  • Exotic currency pairs are made up of one major currency and a currency of an emerging economy. Examples would be











For the full list of the currency pairs you can trade at iFOREX, please visit our trading conditions page.

Understanding Pips

Understanding Pips

Pip stands for Percentage In Point. For most currency pairs, it corresponds to the movement of one unit of the fourth decimal digit in a rate, but there are exceptions like the Japanese Yen pairs, where a pip corresponds to the movement of one unit of the second decimal digit in a rate.

Confused? Here’s a quick example:

If the EUR/USD moves from 1.1050 to 1.1051,
this .0001 rise in value is one Pip.

When can you trade forex?

The forex market operates 24 hours a day and is commonly separated into four sessions: The Sydney session, the Tokyo session, the London session, and the New York session.

Leverage currency trading (as CFDs)

In the past, only large investors participated in currency trading, but nowadays anyone can trade currencies in the form of CFDs from home – and you don’t need to be rich to invest. Thanks to a unique tool called ‘leverage’ you can open large deals with a relatively small investment. For example, with a €100 investment, you can open a deal of up to €40,000, using leverage of 400:1.

Leverage currency trading (as CFDs)

This means that for every euro you invest, we give you up to €400 in trading power. And remember: Because of iFOREX's Negative Balance Protection you can never lose more than your initial investment – your account will never go into minus, regardless of the leverage you choose.

How to open your first currency deal

Are you ready to open your first currency deal? Great!
You can do so in three simple steps.

  1. Choose a currency
    Let’s say you want to trade EUR/USD, for example. If the price of one euro is $1.1200, with a €100 investment, you could have bought $112, without leverage.
  2. Choose your deal size
    By using leverage you can open a deal worth up to 400 times your initial investment. For example, with a €100 investment, you can buy €40,000 worth of dollars, using 400:1 leverage.
    €100 × 400 = €40,000
  3. Choose direction
    When you trade currencies with iFOREX, you can open trades even when you think prices will go down. In this example though, let’s assume you think the price will go up. Choose ‘Buy’. Now what?
  4. Close your deal and collect the profit
    Let’s say the rate of the EUR/USD rose - meaning that the price of the euro increased by 0.01 - and you decide to close your deal.
    Close Your Deal

    This is a change of 0.01 for €40,000 deal, meaning a profit of $400 with a €100 investment.

The key features of forex trading in the form of CFDs with iFOREX
  • Take part in the largest financial market in the world
  • Open large deals with a relatively small investment
  • Invest in a wide variety of currency pairs
  • Receive free access to useful education resources
  • Benefit from free training with a trading coach
  • Trade in your free time from your PC or mobile device
Want to learn more about currency trading?

Join iFOREX to get an education package and start taking advantage of market opportunities.

A beginner's e-book A beginner's e-book
$5,000 practice demo account< $5,000 practice demo account
A 12-part video course A 12-part video course
Join now